You don’t have to wait until the child starts going to school to start exercising and teaching literacy. You need to start with literacy activities from birth. The child needs to learn to speak, listen, read, understand, draw and write.
You don’t need too much time for these literacy activities. Five minutes a day are enough. You could try writing something together, playing rhyming games and reading stories before bed.
So, which literacy activities can be used for toddlers and preschoolers?
Using rhyme phrases is fun and very useful. Phrases like “snug as a bug in a rug” or “putting the fish in the cat’s dish”. These are fun for the kids and easy to remember.Nursery rhymes teach the child rhyme, repetition, and rhythm. Plenty of nursery rhymes can be found on the internet nowadays.“I spy” games using colors is very entertaining. It helps them learn the colors.
Reading as literacy activities
Reading before bed. while reading, make sure the baby looks at what you read. Use books with rhymes. Encourage the child to turn the pages and ask him what he sees. Talk about the book. What will happen next, where is the text, where are the illustrations and experiment with the reading. Take turns while reading, use alphabet books for start. Ask the child to make up a story with the illustrations. Ask the child to find letters on billboards when you’re outside.
Playing sound as literacy activities
Sound games are useful for learning and practicing sounds. Also for understanding words. There are plenty of activities for sounds. You can practice saying words with the same sound, create words using sounds (start the word with one sound and let them think of a word: mo….moan, mope, moat..). Talking about the past or future also makes them aware of time.Repeating sounds from animals makes them aware of the world around them. Also, talking about something outside of the house. Whether it is some situation or an object.
Drawing and writing literacy activities
Drawing and writing seem too much for you to use with the little toddler? It doesn’t have to be. You can draw letters together and make sounds with them. Encourage the child to write their name and the names of other members of the family. Encourage them to write chopping list or songs together with you. You can make a book of words, with one side of the page with the word, and the other side with an illustration of the word.