There are many cases of women who have experienced bleeding during pregnancy. It usually occurs during the first trimester and appears as spotting, which is considered somehow “normal” because it has no side effect and bad consequences. But, if the bleeding is heavy and occur more often, it is a sign of some serious condition, which includes losing the baby.
Bleeding during pregnancy in the first semester
Spotting usually occurs in the days that would have been fertile and occurs as little dots on the panties in the first 12 weeks. This is also known as implantation bleeding during pregnancy because you bleed a little when the egg is being implanted in the uterus. This bleeding is very light and can last for several hours or even several days
Heavy bleeding occurs because of miscarriage sometimes. This is the biggest concern. This is when you lose the baby. But heavy bleeding is not the only sign of miscarriage. There needs to be abdominal pain, strong cramps, even tissue coming out of the vagina. You must visit the doctor for an ultrasound to see what is the cause of the bleeding during pregnancy.
Ectopic pregnancy is the case when the fertilized egg is not implanted in the uterus, but in the fallopian tube or somewhere outside the uterus. This can cause the fallopian tube to burst, which is very dangerous to the mother and the baby. Studies have shown that only 2% of women have ectopic pregnancy. Symptoms of this condition are: pain in the lower abdomen, lightheadedness, and cramps.
Gestational pregnancy (trophoblastic disease) is an extremely rare condition in which an abnormal tissue grows inside the uterus, instead of a baby. This is sometimes a cancerous tissue and can be malignant. This condition is also called molar pregnancy. The symptoms are: nausea and vomiting, lightheadedness, rapid enlargement of the uterus.
Cervical changes are also a cause of the pregnancy bleeding. Because extra blood flows into the cervix, intercourse or PAP test can cause bleeding because during these, the cervix is in contact with something from the outside.
Infections also cause bleeding during pregnancy. Any infection of the cervix or the vagina can trigger bleeding. Also, STDs like chlamydia, gonorrhea or herpes are a main cause of bleeding.
Bleeding during pregnancy in the second and third semester
Here are some of the causes of the bleeding in late pregnancy: placenta previa, placental abruption, uterine rupture, vasa previa, premature labor, cancer, polyps or any kind of injury in the genital area.
Placenta previa is a condition in which the placenta is placed low in the uterus and it partially or completely covers the cervix. Studies have shown that it occurs in only 1% of the women, but it’s different for every organism. It can be discovered on regular checks at the doctor. It doesn’t show any specific symptoms, but when the bleeding occurs it is usually heavy and it is an emergency to go to the doctor.
Placental abruption occurs also in only 1% of women.
This is a condition when the placenta detaches from the uterine wall and the uterus is filled with blood. This is a very serious condition and is extremely dangerous for both the baby and the mother. The symptoms besides bleeding, are abdominal pain, clots from the vagina, back pain and lightheadedness.
Uterine rupture is an extremely rare condition, but also very dangerous. This is when the C section from the previous pregnancy ruptures and it requires and emergency operation.
Vasa Previa is when the blood vessels cross the opening of the birth canal. This is very serious because it can cause the baby to be without oxygen. The blood vessels can tear, which causes bleeding.
Premature labor is called the condition in which you experience labor before the 37th week. You can feel contractions, vaginal discharge, pressure and ache in the lower back.