What causes diaper rash in babies?
Diaper rash is very common. There is no need to panic. But, there is no need to sit still when you notice them either. You can expect diaper rashes all the time when your baby is in diapers. But, luckily, there are treatments that can cure and prevent further rashes.
Diaper rash is a reddish skin irritation mostly caused by the enzymes in the baby’s poop. Baby’s but is mostly vulnerable when it is wet. Yeast may occur in those spots because yeast loves warm, moist places that are vulnerable.
There are several types of diaper rash:
-chafing – redness of the area accompanied by small spots or bumps
-yeast infection – mostly candida dermatitis, which starts in the creases between the abdomen and thighs
– cradle cap – a deep rash which starts with yellow scales that mostly appears on baby’s heads, but can also occur in the diaper area
– eczema – dry, itchy, scaly red patches that weep.
-impetigo – a bacterial infection that may occur on previously occurred rashes, marked by blisters or crusts
-intertrigo – a red area of the skin that ooze white to yellowish gunk.
The diaper rashes are triggered by a combination of too much moisture, no air, rubbing on those spots and irritants (urine, stool or ingredients in the diapers and wipes). Baby’s bottom is mostly exposed to all these things all the time, which makes a perfect environment for the rash to occur.
So, how do we prevent diaper rash?
Changing diapers is the key to preventing this: when the diaper of the baby is pooped or peed, it is important to change the diaper quickly. When the diaper stays wet longer, it makes the skin more prone and sensitive to any infection. So, whether the baby is crying to change it or not, take a clean diaper and replace the dirty one
Let the air in – while changing the diaper, don’t hurry to put on the new diaper. Let the baby naked for a while. Let it enjoy the breeze and catch some air. Don’t worry if unexpected leak occurs. It’s not that big of deal to clean after.Loosen it up. Leave a little breathing room in the diaper. Don’t make it too tight in order not to leak. If you use cloth diaper, use cotton made ones.
Dodge irritants – use only baby products. Avoid products that contain perfumes, alcohol or other scented products like soaps, shampoos or creams. Avoid using wipes for cleaning. Better use cotton cloths dipped in warm water to clean the skin. For bathing, use gentle baby soaps or shampoos.
Change the diaper brand – if you notice that some type of diaper is causing rashes, change it. Some diapers that are super absorbent, only cause more rashes. You could also try using cloth made diapers only to see if it helps. Cloth diapers are less absorbent, which triggers more changes.Use protective ointments or creams to prevent irritations. There are petroleum based products or products with zinc oxide. These help protect the skin from the urine. Just make sure that the skin is completely dry before applying the product on. Make sure to apply it gently and thickly. Don’t worry if you remove it while you change the diapers.
How can we treat the diaper rash?
Don’t wipe the skin or rub it. Gently dub the affected area. Use warm water and a soft washcloth.Consider the baby’s diet. Juices affect the pH of the urine and the stool. The acidity of them irritates the skin more. The juices can also produce caustic poops.In the end, if you have tried all the advices above, and the rashes get worse, blisters or pustules appear, you must check with the doctor. He will prescribe antifungal medicine, steroid cream or antibiotic to cure it.